The Four-Bar chain

The Four-Bar chain

A four bar chain is the most fundamental of the plane kinematic chains. It is a much proffered mechanical device for the mechanisation and control of motion due to its simplicity and versatility. Basically, it consists of four rigid links which are connected in the form of a quadrilateral by four pin-joints.

When one of the link fixed, it is known as mechanism or linkage. A link that makes complete revolution is called the crank. The link opposite to the fixed link is called coupler, and the forth link is called a lever or rocker if it oscillates or another crank if it rotates.

It is impossible to have a four-bar linkage if the length of one of the link is greater than the sum of other three. This has been shown in fig.

The Four-Bar chain




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