VIVA QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS OF MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
What is manufacturing technology?
Manufacturing technology is the branch of engineering that deals with the production of goods using various processes, tools, and machinery. It involves the design, development, and implementation of manufacturing processes to produce high-quality products efficiently and effectively.
What are the different types of manufacturing processes?
The different types of manufacturing processes include casting, forging, stamping, machining, welding, assembly, and more.
What is casting and what are its types?
Casting is a manufacturing process where a liquid material is poured into a mold and allowed to solidify. The solidified part is then removed from the mold. The types of casting include sand casting, investment casting, die casting, and more.
What is forging and what are its types?
Forging is a manufacturing process where metal is shaped by applying compressive forces to it. The types of forging include hammer forging, press forging, and roll forging.
What is stamping and what are its types?
Stamping is a manufacturing process where a metal sheet is cut, bent, or stamped into a desired shape. The types of stamping include blanking, punching, coining, and more.
What is machining and what are its types?
Machining is a manufacturing process where a material is removed from a workpiece to create a desired shape or size. The types of machining include turning, milling, drilling, grinding, and more.
What is welding and what are its types?
Welding is a manufacturing process where two pieces of metal are joined together by heating them to their melting point and fusing them. The types of welding include arc welding, gas welding, and resistance welding.
What is assembly and what are its types?
Assembly is a manufacturing process where multiple parts are joined together to create a complete product. The types of assembly include manual assembly, automated assembly, and mass production assembly.
What are the advantages of using manufacturing technology?
Some of the advantages of using manufacturing technology include increased efficiency, improved product quality, reduced production costs, and faster production time.
How has technology impacted the manufacturing industry?
Technology has had a significant impact on the manufacturing industry, leading to the development of advanced manufacturing processes, improved production efficiency, and reduced production costs. Technology has also led to the widespread use of automation and the development of new materials and manufacturing methods.
What is CNC (Computer Numerical Control) machining?
CNC machining is a type of machining process where a computer controls the movements of the machine tool. This allows for precise and consistent machining of the workpiece and reduces the need for manual intervention.
What is rapid prototyping?
Rapid prototyping is a process where a 3D model is quickly produced, allowing designers and engineers to test and evaluate the design before mass production.
What is lean manufacturing?
Lean manufacturing is a production philosophy that aims to minimize waste and optimize the production process. It emphasizes the importance of continuous improvement, streamlining processes, and reducing waste to increase efficiency and productivity.
What is Total Quality Management (TQM)?
Total Quality Management (TQM) is a management approach that aims to optimize the quality of a product or service by involving all employees in the quality control process. TQM emphasizes the importance of continuous improvement and customer satisfaction.
What is Six Sigma?
Six Sigma is a methodology for process improvement that aims to reduce defects and improve the quality of products and services. Six Sigma emphasizes the use of data and statistical analysis to identify and eliminate the root cause of defects.
What is Just-In-Time (JIT) manufacturing?
Just-In-Time (JIT) manufacturing is a production philosophy that emphasizes the importance of producing the right product at the right time in the right quantity. JIT aims to minimize waste and improve efficiency by producing only what is needed, when it is needed.
What is concurrent engineering?
Concurrent engineering is an approach to product design and development where all relevant disciplines work together from the earliest stages of the project. This allows for a more efficient and integrated design process and helps to ensure that the final product meets the needs of the customer.
What is tooling?
Tooling refers to the specialized tools and equipment used in the manufacturing process. Tooling includes jigs, fixtures, molds, and more, and is used to help control and guide the manufacturing process.
What is the difference between subtractive and additive manufacturing?
Subtractive manufacturing is a process where material is removed from a workpiece to create the desired shape. Additive manufacturing is a process where material is added layer by layer to create the desired shape.
What is smart manufacturing?
Smart manufacturing is an approach to manufacturing that uses advanced technologies, such as the Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI), and big data analytics, to optimize the production process and improve efficiency.
What is quality control?
Quality control is the process of verifying that a product or service meets certain standards and specifications. It involves inspection, testing, and other methods to ensure that the product or service is of high quality and meets the needs of the customer.
What is the role of inspection in quality control?
Inspection is an important part of the quality control process. It involves checking the product or service at various stages of production to ensure that it meets the required standards and specifications. Inspection helps to identify defects and problems early on, allowing for corrective action to be taken before the product is released.
What is Total Productive Maintenance (TPM)?
Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) is a maintenance strategy that involves the involvement of all employees in the maintenance process. TPM emphasizes the importance of preventive maintenance and aims to improve equipment reliability and efficiency.
What is Reverse Engineering?
Reverse engineering is the process of taking apart an existing product or service to understand its design, construction, and operation. This can be used to improve upon existing products or to develop new products that are similar or complementary.
What is a process flow chart?
A process flow chart is a diagram that shows the steps involved in a manufacturing process. It helps to visualize the process, identify bottlenecks, and improve efficiency.
What is a bill of materials (BOM)?
A bill of materials (BOM) is a list of all the parts and materials needed to produce a product. It includes the quantity, part number, and description of each component, as well as any special instructions for assembly.
What is value stream mapping?
Value stream mapping is a process improvement tool that helps to visualize the flow of materials and information in a manufacturing process. It is used to identify areas for improvement, reduce waste, and improve efficiency.
What is an ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) system?
An ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) system is a software application that helps to manage and automate various business processes, such as supply chain management, financial management, and more. ERP systems provide a centralized database for all business information, allowing for more efficient and effective decision-making.
What is lean supply chain management?
Lean supply chain management is a strategy for optimizing the flow of goods and services from supplier to customer. It emphasizes the importance of reducing waste, increasing efficiency, and improving customer satisfaction.
What is Industry 4.0?
Industry 4.0 refers to the fourth industrial revolution, characterized by the integration of advanced technologies, such as artificial intelligence (AI), the Internet of Things (IoT), and big data analytics, into the manufacturing process. Industry 4.0 aims to improve efficiency, productivity, and competitiveness through the use of these technologies.