Mold and core making

Mold and core making

 A suitable and workable material possessing high refractoriness in
nature can be used
for mould making.
Thus, the mold making material can be metallic or non-metallic. For metallic
category, the common materials are cast
iron, mild steel and alloy
steels. In
non-metallic group molding
sands, plaster of paris, graphite,
silicon carbide and ceramics are included. But, out of all, the molding sand is the
most common utilized non-metallic molding material because
of its certain
inherent properties namely refractoriness, chemical
and thermal stability at higher temperature, high permeability and
workability along with good strength.
it is also highly cheap and easily available. This chapter discusses
molding and core sand,
the constituents,
properties, testing and conditioning of molding and core sands, procedure
for making
molds and cores,
mold and core terminology and different methods
of molding.

Mold and core making are two essential processes used in foundries to produce metal castings. The process involves creating a cavity in a specific shape in a refractory material that is used to pour molten metal. The cavity is made by shaping a mold or core using various materials and techniques.

Mold making is the process of creating a cavity in a refractory material that will be used to pour molten metal to produce a final product. There are several types of molds that are commonly used, including sand molds, investment molds, and permanent molds.

Core making is the process of creating a core, which is a shaped object made of a refractory material that is used to create internal cavities or features in the final casting. Cores are commonly used to create hollow sections of a casting, such as the internal passages of an engine block.

The mold and core making process involves several steps, including:

Pattern Making:

A pattern is a replica of the final product that is used to create the mold or core. The pattern is typically made from wood, plastic, or metal.

Mold or Core Production:

The pattern is used to create the mold or core by packing a refractory material around it.

Mold or Core Assembly:

The mold or core is assembled by placing the individual parts together to create the complete mold or core.


Once the mold or core is assembled, it is ready to be filled with molten metal.

Cooling and Finishing: 

After the molten metal has been poured, the mold or core is allowed to cool, and the casting is removed from the mold. The casting is then finished and prepared for use.

Overall, mold and core making is an important process in the production of metal castings, and it requires skill and attention to detail to ensure the final product meets the desired specifications.

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