These machines are primarily intended for tool room work for grinding cylindrical and tapered multi tooth cutting tools, like milling cutters, hobs, drills, reamers, taps, broaches, gear shaper cutters etc.

They are also capable of doing light cylindrical, surface and internal grinding operations.

They are made in various different designs. The most versatile and widely used form is a universal tool and cutter grinder.

It carries a work head and tail stock on an upper table, which is mounted on a lower table on which the upper table can be swiveled to grind the tapered tools. 

The saddle travels in cross direction. The saddle and table travels are controlled by hand. The wheel head is rigidly mounted on an elevating column and consists of a housing carrying a wheel spindle, which runs in two bearings. 

Both ends of the spindle are tapered to receive the clamping sleeves, carrying the grinding wheels. The wheel heads can be swiveled about a vertical axis together with the column and its driving motor. These grinders largely owe their high versatility to the large number of attachments they carry. A few main of these are:

1. Universal work head.

2. Wheel dressing device.

3. External cylindrical grinding attachment.

4. Swiveling vice.

5. Internal grinding attachment.

6. Core drill grinding attachment.

7. Tap grinding attachment.

8. Face milling cutter grinding attachment.

9. Long reamer grinding attachment.

10. Form cutters grinding attachment.

11. Universal tooth rest.

12. . Gear shaper cutters grinding attachment.

13. Hob grinding attachment.

14. Twist drill grinding attachment.

Other tool grinders include the profile or contour grinder and moonset tool and cutter grinder. The former is used to reproduce a template form on a flat or round cutter.

The latter is mainly used in grinding spiral fluted cutters and twist drills. Carbide tool grinder is used for grinding various angles on single point tools, mainly carbide tipped tools.

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