Centrifugal casting uses a permanent mold that is rotated about its axis at a speed between 300 to 3000 rpm as the molten metal is poured. Centrifugal forces cause the metal to be pushed out towards the mold walls, where it solidifies after cooling. Parts cast in this method have a fine grain microstructure, which is resistant to atmospheric corrosion; hence this method has been used to manufacture pipes. Since metal is heavier than impurities, most of the impurities and inclusions are closer to the inner diameter and can be machined away.
surface finish along the inner diameter is also much worse than along the outer surface.
|Centrifugal casting schematic|