The technique of simplification and
standardization of product is closely inter-related that leads to higher
in production, better
and reduced production cost. Simplification is
a process of determining limited number of grades, types and sizes of a
components or products or parts in order
to achieve better
quality control, minimize
waste, simplify production and, thus, reduce cost of
production. By eliminating unnecessary varieties, sizes and designs,
simplification leads to manufacture identical components or products for
interchangeability and maintenance purposes
of assembly of parts. Standardization is the important step towards interchangeable manufacture, increased output and
higher economy. 

The technique of
standardization comprises of determining optimal manufacturing
processes, identifying the best possible
engineering material, and allied techniques for the manufacture of a product
and adhering to them very
strictly so long as the better standards for all these are not identified. Thus
definite standards are set up for a specified product with respect to its quality, required equipment, machinery, labor, material, process of
manufacture and the cost of  production.
The identified standard with time for a specified product should never be taken
as final for ever because improvement
is always possible. It must accommodate the outcome of all the new researches in the manufacturing
areas in order to keep pace with increasing global
competition. Improvements over the existing standards in all respects
should always be welcomed. 

The different standards prevailing in different
industries may be of the types of managerial, design, manufacturing and
technical needs. Managerial standards are applicable to administrative
functions within industry. These include the company policy, accounting procedures, personnel
policies, performance evaluation, control of expenditures, safety aspects, 
security procedures and
regulations, etc. where as design,
and technical standards are needed for manufacturing
of the industry. These include design and manufacturing techniques, practices,
materials and parts, supplies, methods of testing, drafting method,
abbreviations and symbols, specifications and nomenclature, etc.

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