Process planning

PROCESS PLANNING

Process planning consists of selection of
means of production (machine-tools, cutting
tools,
presses, jigs, fixtures, measuring tools etc.), establishing the
efficient sequence of operation, determination of changes in form, dimension or
finish of the machine tools in addition to
the
specification of the actions of the operator.
It includes the calculation of the machining
time,
as well as the required skill of the operator. It also establishes an efficient sequence of
manufacturing steps for minimizing material handling which ensures that the
work will be done at the minimum cost and at maximum
productivity. The basic concepts of process planning are
generally concerned with the machining
only.
Although these concepts may also
be extended to other processes such as casting, forging, sheet metal forming,
assembling
and heat treatment as well.

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