Manufacturing is derived from the
Latin word manufactus, means made by hand. In
context it involves making products from raw material by using various
processes, by
making use of hand
tools, machinery or even computers. It is therefore a study of the processes
required to make parts and to assemble them in machines. Process Engineering,
in its application
to engineering industries, shows how the different
problems related to development
of various machines may be solved by a study of physical, chemical and other
laws governing the manufacturing process. The study of manufacturing reveals
those parameters which
can be most
efficiently being influenced to increase production and raise its
accuracy. Advance manufacturing engineering involves the following

1. Process planning.

2. Process sheets.

3. Route

4. Tooling.

5. Cutting tools, machine tools
(traditional, numerical control (NC), and computerized
numerical control (CNC).

6. Jigs and Fixtures.

7. Dies and Moulds.

8. Manufacturing Information Generation.

9. CNC part programs.

10. Robot

11. Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS), Group Technology (GT) and Computer
integrated manufacturing (CIM).

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