INDUSTRIAL SAFETY CONCEPTS


SAFETY CONCEPTS

In all kinds of industries, each shop
supervisor is generally assigned the responsibility of safety in his shop
regarding the men, machines and materials. Every supervisor in each shop
ensures to the top executives in respect of all kinds of the safety matters. He
is supposed to incorporate all new safety measures needed in the shop from time
to time. With the
growth in the size of the industry and depending
upon the hazardousness of industrial processes, a full fledged safety
department should be created under the intensive supervision through a safety
manager. The safety manager may be given a
line position or staff position depending upon the working conditions in the
industry. Sometimes the responsibility for
safety rests on a safety committee formed by the top executives of the
organization. A safety committee
may consist
of executives, supervisors, and shop floor workers. Thus the lower level
employees
get a channel of
communication on safety matters direct to executive level. It is a matter of
fact that those organizations which made safety committees had lower record of
accidents than those without safety committees. Safety committees always
motivate all the industrial employees for developing safety consciousness. It
acts also as a policy making body on
safety matters. To
enhance the efficiency of the safety committee, some safety problem may
be assigned
to safety staff for identifying and implementing safety
rules and publicizing them. Its members should be asked to go on the
shop floor and watch what is being done there till date about the safety
measures. It should be asked to report periodically as what
improvements have been made and what more
can be done for safety aspects in near future for avoiding
  any mis-happening in the plant. Safety
committee often organizes safety programs to make industrial
persons
sufficiently alert for overall safety
within the plant. A safety
program tends to discover
when, where and why accidents
occur. It
always aims at reducing accidents and the losses associated with them. It
begins with the assumption that more work-connected accidents can be prevented.
It does not have an end rather it is a continuous process to achieve adequate
safety. It involves providing, safety
equipments and special training to
employees.
It consists of support by top management, appointing a safety officer, engineering a safe plant,
processes and
operations, educating
all industrial employees to work
safely, studying
and analyzing the accidents to prevent their occurrence in future, holding
safety contests, safety weeks etc., and
awarding incentives or special prizes to departments which enforces
the safety rules and having
least number of accidents.


A safety programme should always include engineering safety at the
design and equipment installation stage, education
of employees in safe practices, concerns the attitude
of employees and management.
It should motivate all the industrial employees in accident prevention
and safety consciousness. It must provide
all safety instructions and training essential for
the employees to think, act and work safely so that the number of
accidents can be minimized. Safety education must give knowledge about safe and
unsafe mechanical conditions and personal practices. Safety training must
involve induction and orientation of new recruits to safety
rules and practices, explaining safety function,
during their initial
job training through efforts made by the first level supervisors. Formulating employee’s safety committees, holding of employee’s safety meeting, display of charts,
posters, film etc. are very much essential in
each industry
for stressing the need to act safely. It educates employees to develop their safety
consciousness. An industrial worker
will usually accept the use of a safety measure if he is convinced of its
necessity. Therefore, suitable measures must be adopted to increase the awareness of a need for safety in the
environment of work. Such measures are required in
  an industrial organization to develop safety consciousness among workers or other employees. There should be sufficient
display of safety posters and films from time to time to
remind industrial workers to particular
hazards/accidents, providing simple and convenient
safety devices, providing time to the worker for setting,
removing and replacing any necessary safety
devices.
All industrial personnel should be asked from the first day  to
start working
   to adopt safety measures
because an unskilled worker should be familiar fully to work
safely. A safety
committee should manage regular safety programmes that
may hold safety
competitions. Award and prizes are also to be given to
the winners for imparting due respect and recognition to safe workers and
create in employees a feeling of pride in safe work. It should elaborate on the
safety theme until all the employees are safety conscious. It must hold regular
safety meetings and stimulates the safety ideas in industrial workers for being
more safety conscious. It must ask the shop supervisor to display all the
safety aspects near the work centre. It should also mail safety information and
sufficient literature pertaining to safety for reading at homes of all the
industrial employees. It must welcome all safety suggestions. It must mark
categorically all accident areas. It must conduct safety training lectures
periodically for providing wide publicity to safety aspects for everything
including men, machines and
materials


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