center lathe and turret lathe- comparison

Difference between center lathe and turret lathe


Sr. No.

Aspects

Center lathe

Turret lathe

1

Nature work

of

production

Primarily used
for miscellaneous jobbing, tool room or single

operation work.

Adapted    to    quantity
production work.

2

Construction difference

It has a tail stock.

It has hexagonal turret.

(No tailstock)

3

No. of tools that can be handled at a
time

One tool cuts at a time.

Can
hold a number of tools at a time; the tools 
can  operate  on

the job simultaneously.

4

Set up of tools

No
such available lathe.

provision is in a
center

Tools may be
permanently set up in turret in the sequence in which they need be

used.

5

Provision of rigidity in

the holding of work and tools

No    special         provision available.

Extreme    rigidity

permit    multiple combined cuts.

to and

6

Machining    time

handling time

and

Consume   more    time

comparatively.

Consume    less

comparatively.

time

7

Lead screw

Always provided
to the center lathe to enable thread  
cutting   by   a

single point cutting tool.

Thread cutting is
generally performed by taps and
die heads.

8

Degree of automation

Very simple

Semi-automatic

9

Rate of production

Lower

Higher

10

Labour cost

Higher,
because of highly skilled operator required.

Lower, because of after setting
the tools and machine the operations can be performed by unskilled or semi-skilled

operators.

11

Cost

Higher     than     center

lathe.

Comparatively lower.

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